What primary concerns exist in ethics, validity and reliability in AR? How are you managing these concerns (or how will you) within your study?
“Validity is the extent to which the instrument measures what it purports to measure. It seeks to establish the truth of the research and to enhance its credibility,” according to an article called Authenticity. Respondent validation is when you ask for feedback from your initial interview (Merriam, et.al, 246). One of the primary concerns for doing this is to clarify any misinterpretations. From my first survey with my parents, I’ve gotten pretty good feedback, however most of the parents only answered multiple-choice questions. What I’ll have to do is reword the questions they didn’t answer to get a response. I’m hoping if I approach the questions differently, I’ll get different results. Having my parents answer my questions, can help me answer the questions of how class dojo impacts student engagement, what motivates and demotivates students. For instance, if the parent sees their child not doing so well (behavior wise), the parent can influence their behavior.
“Reliability relates to researchers’ claims regarding the accuracy of their data,” according to Sagar. Another way to think of it, is if the study was to be done again, will they have the same results? According to Sagar, to enhance the reliability of your action research data, you should continually ask these questions:
- Is this information an accurate representation of reality?
- Can I think of any reasons to be suspicious of its accuracy?
I know that if someone were to do the same study as me, they will not get the same results because people are different; people behave in different ways, depending on their culture and experiences.
Consent is whether or not the respondent’s agree to participate in a study, use their name in the research, or photographs, according to an article titled “Ethical Issues in Conducting Research.” Confidentiality is very important, if the respondent chooses to keep their information private. I didn’t tell my students I was conducting a study, therefore I will be using first name and last name initials to label my students.
Authenticity – Validity, triangulation, reliability- and generalisability. (n.d.). Retrieved November 7, 2015, from https://pebblepad.wlv.ac.uk/viewasset.aspx?oid=103268&type=webfolio&pageoid=111981
Ethical Issues in Conducting Research. (n.d.). Retrieved November 7, 2015, from https://www.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/26094_3.pdf
Merriam, S., & Merriam, S. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Membership. (n.d.). Retrieved November 7, 2015, from http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/100047/chapters/Data-Collection@-Building-a-Valid-and-Reliable-Data-Collection-Plan.aspx