EDET 674 Week 10 Essential Question: How can we manage the change that is inherent in our distance learning efforts?
“Knowing how to manage change and convert it into knowledge is a key determinant of personal and national economic effectiveness,” (Moore, et.al, page 290). Information is continuously changing and working people, especially educators, have to stay up to date with their skills. The easiest way to provide those instructions, resources, and interactions to help people stay current, is through distance education.
There are several ways we can manage this change. The first is, managing the cost of education and training. “In the future the majority of learning will occur through distance education (Moore, et.al, page 276). Managing the cost to create online platforms, content, etc., and having enough students enrolled in the program, should compensate for the creation of it.
“With the World Wide Web becoming more available, course designers are given more opportunities to offer a richer variety of media with high quality video and audio programming,” (page 278). With that said, professional development should be reviewed and evaluated every few years to ensure teachers are learning the skills to effectively teach in this digital age. There are five characteristics that are considered key to providing PD (Rasmussen, et.al, 2016).
- A focus on teaching specific content,
- The integration of specific teaching practices or pedagogy into the PD,
- The engagement of participants in active learning,
- Collective participation of teaching from the same grades/subjects,
- Delivery with an extended duration
Evaluation is essential in determining how effective PD is. There are five levels of evaluation that should be considered. The first and lowest level is the measurement of participants’ reaction to the PD. The second is if they learned something. The third level looks at support from the organization that facilitates the PD. The fourth is whether or not participants continue using the skills obtaining from the PD and lastly, evaluating student learning outcomes as a result of teacher change (Rasmussen, et.al, 2016).
Change can be scary, especially when it comes to how we teach our students. I know teachers who refuse to use technology because of their lack of skills. Professionals should continually seek ways to improve their practice. According to Rafferty, there are three things that could help people stay current and move ahead out of their comfort zone, they are: adding skills, tools, and resources to their professional toolbox.
Moore, Michael G., and Greg Kearsley. Distance Education: A Systems View of Online Learning. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.
Rafferty, J. (2016, September 16). Insights from the Field: Moving Outside Our Comfort Zone – OLC. Retrieved November 08, 2016, from http://onlinelearningconsortium.org/insights-field-moving-outside-comfort-zone/
Rasmussen, C.L. & Byrd, D.R. (2016). Evaluating Continued Use of an Online Teacher Professional Development Program with a Sustained Implementation Scale. Journal of Online Learning Research, 2(2), 145-167. Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).